HIV/AIDS

Toolkit
Welcome to the Family Planning and HIV Services Integration Toolkit Integration of family planning and HIV services offers opportunities to reach more women and couples with life-saving services such as contraception and HIV prevention, testing, counseling, and treatment. The integration of these services improves sexual and reproductive health outcomes by providing both services under one programmatic umbrella. It also enables providers to efficiently and comprehensively address an individual’s sexual and reproductive health needs. By contrast, delivering these services in parallel...
Toolkit
Pourquoi mHealth ? Au cours des dix dernières années, la santé mobile, ou mHealth, est devenue un outil de pointe pour améliorer l'accès aux informations et aux services de santé dans le monde entier. mHealth utilise les technologies mobile et sans fil, comme les téléphones portables, les assistants numériques personnels (PDA) et les applications logicielles mobiles (apps), pour réaliser les objectifs sanitaires. Pourquoi un nombre croissant de programmes de santé - et même des systèmes de santé régionaux et nationaux - se tournent-ils vers ces technologies pour...
Toolkit
In many countries and regions of the world, young people (ages 10-24) experience early marriage followed directly by pressure to bear children, making young married women (YMW) a cohort with particularly high fertility rates, high unmet need for contraception, and high rates of closely spaced pregnancies. Young married women and first-time parents (FTPs) face a unique set of challenges to living healthy sexual and reproductive lives—challenges that are different to those faced by unmarried adolescents, older married women or older parents. To contribute to meeting the needs of YMW and...
Toolkit
Microbicides are substances that are being tested to help prevent the sexual transmission of HIV. Vaginal microbicides are intended as an HIV prevention option for women that, unlike male condoms, would not require negotiation with a partners. Rectal microbicides could be used by both men and women to reduce the risk of HIV infection during anal sex. Most of the microbicides under study employ ARV drugs that are commonly used in pill form to treat an HIV infection. ARV pill formulations can also be used for HIV prevention in an approach called pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Several...
Toolkit
Multiple and concurrent partnerships (MCP)--when individuals have two or more partnerships that overlap in time, often for months or years--increase the risk of transmitting HIV immediately following infection. They also spread HIV through a population much faster than when individuals have a series of monogamous relationships. For example, in Uganda, from 1985 to 2000, the reduction in HIV incidence appears to be a result of a decrease in multiple sexual partnerships and networks. This toolkit provides information on preventing HIV by reducing the...
Toolkit
An estimated 3.2 million children under 15 years of age worldwide are living with HIV. Ninety percent of these children become infected with HIV by mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). Without intervention, the risk of MTCT among infants born to women who are HIV positive ranges from 15% to 45%. Effective interventions can bring this rate to below 5%. Despite tremendous achievements over the past decade in the reduction of maternal to child transmission of HIV, persistent unmet need exists for preventing MTCT. In low- and middle-income countries especially, too few women are receiving HIV...
Toolkit
Welcome to the Zimbabwe HIV and AIDS e-toolkit. This toolkit consists of different forms of materials on HIV and AIDS in Zimbabwe. The materials are in the form of: research papers, periodicals, books, training materials (toolkits and manuals), behaviour change communication (BCC) and awareness raising products (posters, booklets, leaflets, presentations), that creatively and factually share current and dynamic knowledge and skills relating to HIV and AIDS, TB, and other related prevention and impact mitigation responses. The Zimbabwe HIV and AIDS e-toolkit is a collection of various...