"Not Every Fever Is Malaria" Malaria Treatment Campaign

Tanzania has made enormous strides in lowering the national impact of malaria. The 2012 Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey (THMIS) showed that malaria prevalence had declined from 18.1% in 2008 to 9.5% in 2012. Despite a significant decrease in prevalence and increase in net coverage, malaria remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age and pregnant women. While awareness of the symptoms of malaria among Tanzanians is high, testing for malaria is low—of children under five that had a fever during the two weeks before the 2012 THMIS, only 25% had blood taken from a finger or heel for testing.

Access to proper diagnosis and management of fever is very crucial to prevent severe malaria, especially in young children. Testing is also essential to prevent the needless consumption of malaria medication, which can contribute to resistance and lead to complications from not treating other fever-inducing diseases that are mistaken for malaria.

Since July 2013, the Tanzania Capacity and Communication Project (TCCP) has supported efforts to increase malaria testing in collaboration with the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) and the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP).

Learn more about the campaign and its phasing