Most Vulnerable Children
Approximately 12 million children who have lost one or both parents to AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF), including 1.3 million children orphaned by AIDS in the country Countless other children live with additional vulnerabilities due to the far-reaching consequences of HIV and AIDS on their communities. These children are known as Most Vulnerable Children (MVC). Many MVC live with extended family members, institutions, youth-headed households, or in the streets. These circumstances make MVC highly vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, unsafe behaviors, and HIV infection. Additionally, MVC are exposed to multiple risk factors in the early years of life, including poor health, malnutrition, and low levels of stimulation that results in slowed cognitive development. These factors, combined with MVC’s higher vulnerability to abuse, exploitation, unsafe behaviors, and HIV infection, can create a harmful environment that holds MVC back from leading healthy lives.
The National Costed Plan of Action (NCPAII) for Most Vulnerable Children (MVC) was developed to guide the implementation of actions and policies during 2013-2017 that aim to enhance the wellbeing of MVC. NCPAII aimed to prevent and reduce health and social risks for MVCs, and protect the rights of MVCs. This multi-sectorial plan was developed by the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare through the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) in collaboration with other ministries, development partners and stakeholders
The Tanzania Capacity and Communication Project (TCCP) has supported MVC efforts through the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) at the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW), and through the Pamoja Tuwalee consortium, including FHI360, World Education, Inc, Pact, and Africare.