Modules

There are 12 modules in the community resource kit (CRK), covering a range of the most pressing health issues in Tanzania. They include:

A healthy future (60 minutes)

  • Clarify goals and aspirations to reinforce identity to support safe and healthy behaviors and minimize health risks
  • Provide a focus for motivating the behaviors of future modules
  • Includes activities on: The future you want, identification of obstacles to future goals, and an activity on self-value

HIV Prevention (60 minutes)

  • Helps participants assess their personal risk for HIV and identify HIV prevention methods
  • Participants will learn to a condom correctly and consistently, feel more comfortable buying/carrying condoms, and discuss the idea of condoms in their relationship
  • Includes activities on: Chewing gum challenge, personal risk assessment, how to use male and female condoms, and develop arguments for and against using condoms

HIV testing and Counseling (HTC) (60 minutes)

  • Participants will learn that couples can be discordant, learn to reduce the number of sexual partners they have, and support those living with HIV
  • Participants will be more likely to discuss couple HIV testing and counseling, get tested, and disclose their HIV status to their sexual partners
  • Includes activities on: A simulation activity on how HIV spreads in communities, a game that addresses stigma, and an interactive drama technique to encourage participants to practice good ways of disclosing HIV status

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) (60 minutes)

  • Participants will learn the benefits of VMMC for men and women, and learn that it is acceptable for older men, married men, and men with children to go for VMMC
  • Participants will be more likely to discuss VMMC with their partner, seek VMMC at a health facility, and abstain from sex for 6 weeks after circumcision
  • Includes activities on: Clarifying the benefits of VMMC with the help of a model penis, discussion of a story with the theme of support after circumcision, and build skills to effectively discuss VMMC with a partner

HIV treatment, adherence, and support (70 minutes)

  • Participants will gain treatment literacy, understand issues faced by those living with HIV, and learn to fully accept (rather than stigmatize) against someone living with HIV
  • Participants will be more likely to enroll in anti-retroviral treatment (ART) and adhere to it, understand ART regimen changes, live positively, and join a support group
  • Participants will learn that testing is the only way to tell HIV status
  • Includes activities on: Identifying those with HIV, explain HIV, AIDS, opportunistic infections, and ART, and simulate the effects of stigma

Tuberculosis (TB) (60 minutes)

  • Know the symptoms of TB and know how to get free care for TB
  • Understand how treatment works and what happens when someone is co-infected with HIV
  • Learn to not stigmatize those with TB and know how to encourage someone with TB symptoms to seek treatment
  • Includes activities on: A TB quiz, drama sketch on TB symptoms and co-infection, a team activity to demonstrate support

Maternal, newborn, and child health (60 minutes)

  • Disclose pregnancy to their partner and how/when to attend ANC care
  • Know what to look for in their care i.e. HIV testing, three doses of SP, vaccines, ITNs, etc.
  • Make an individualized birth plan and use family planning methods
  • Know to ensure their child receives all vaccinations and receives proper nutrition
  • Includes activities on: Participants imagine their future as parents of a happy and healthy child, an interactive child survival game, and a checklist of actions for participants to take

Eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV (eMTCT) (60 minutes)

  • Know that a child can be born HIV-free, even with an HIV + mother
  • Take measures to prevent HIV infection/reinfection during pregnancy
  • Adopt and maintain appropriate infant feeding practices and take their child for early infant diagnosis
  • Includes activities on: A drama sketch to demonstrate risks of MTCT during pregnancy, birth, and how to minimize these risks, facilitator clarifies feedings options and recommendations

Family planning (60 minutes)

  • To help participants realize that family planning can work for themĀ if they choose to use it, and is the responsibility of both men and women
  • Start using family planning services soon after delivery and maintain to conceive another child
  • Have open conversations with their partners about family planning
  • Includes activities on: Planting Maize Game on the healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies (HTSP), Number of Children exercise to demonstrate benefits of family planning, various methods of family planning, and a discussion of what they think of family planning

Most vulnerable children (MVC) (60 minutes)

  • Understand child rights and intervene appropriately in instances of abuse, violence, neglect, and exploitation of children (VANE) in their community
  • Reduce stigma and discrimination against orphans, children with disabilities, and children living with HIV and AIDS
  • Includes activities on: Understanding child rights, dramas to explore VANE and intervene appropriately, and discussion of strategies to reduce stigma

Malaria prevention (60 min)

  • Understand malaria transmission and how to prevent it effectively
  • Care for insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) properly and understand what indoor residual spraying (IRS) involves and common objections to both
  • Understand that not every fever is malaria and how to seek appropriate care
  • Includes activities on: Understanding malaria, ways to prevent malaria, ITNs, IRS, and addressing common barriers to IRS and ITNs.

Malaria treatment and malaria prevention during pregnancy

  • Understand the dangers of getting malaria in pregnancy and how to mitigate the risk
  • Learn to trust the results of a malaria test and confirm malaria before taking anti-malarials
  • Know to seek early treatment of malaria and take at least three doses of SP during pregnancy to prevent malaria
  • Includes activities on: Mask activity to demonstrate different causes of fever, anti-malarial drugs, and brainstorming activity/drama on malaria in pregnancy