HIV Prevention for Most-at-Risk Populations

Key populations at risk are those populations who have higher HIV prevalence and display behavior that puts them at higher risk of HIV infection. From an epidemiological view, in a generalized epidemic, controlling HIV infections amongst these key populations at risk may not have a significant impact on reducing new infections (depending on the distribution of new infections) and does not prevent the HIV epidemic from sustaining itself. However, as a human rights issue prevention interventions will be targeted at some of these key populations at risk.

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