Policies & Guidelines

Policies and guidelines on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) should support implementation of all four components of the World Health Organization and UNAIDS’s comprehensive approach. These components are:

  • Prevent primary HIV infection among girls and women
  • Prevent unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV
  • Reduce mother-to-child transmission of HIV through antiretroviral drug treatment or prophylaxis, safer deliveries, and infant-feeding counseling
  • Provide care, treatment, and support to women living with HIV and their families

Policies and guidelines should also promote integration of PMTCT and links with maternal, newborn and child health, anti-retroviral therapy, family planning, and sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. This will help ensure delivery of a package of essential services for quality maternal, newborn, and child care that includes routine antenatal care for all women, additional comprehensive services for women living with HIV, and care for HIV-exposed infants and young children.

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