Overview of PMTCT

The transmission of HIV from a mother to her child during pregnancy, labor, delivery, or breastfeeding is called mother-to-child transmission. In the absence of any interventions, transmission rates range from 15-45%. Despite significant efforts and achievements in PMTCT over the past decade, approximately 240,000 children worldwide become newly infected with HIV in 2013.

In this section of the Toolkit you'll find resources that provide an overview of the burden of PMTCT worldwide, setting the context for policies, programs and services intended to address the need for PMTCT. Also included here are reports and briefs highlighting progress made and challenges that remain in scaling up services as well as reports on global initiatives and goals to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV.