Trials of Improved Practices (TIPs) is a formative research technique developed by the Manoff Group . Using TIPs, program planners pretest the actual practices that a program will promote. The procedure consists of a series of visits in which the interviewer and the participant analyze current practices, discuss what could be improved, and together reach an agreement on one or a few solutions to try over a trial period; and then assess the trial experience together at the end of the trial period. The results are moved directly into program design. TIPs has been applied to nutrition as well as other public health issues including HIV/AIDS, school health , infectious disease control, maternal health and family planning.