Multiple and Concurrent Partnerships Toolkit

Multiple and concurrent partnerships (MCP)--when individuals have two or more partnerships that overlap in time, often for months or years--increase the risk of transmitting HIV immediately following infection. They also spread HIV through a population much faster than when individuals have a series of monogamous relationships. For example, in Uganda, from 1985 to 2000, the reduction in HIV incidence appears to be a result of a decrease in multiple sexual partnerships and networks.

This toolkit provides information on preventing HIV by reducing the occurrence of multiple and concurrent partnerships. While this area of research is relatively new and there is little data on which to judge effective approaches, the materials gathered here can help inform current programs and support new research.

Reducing the occurrence of MCP to help prevent the spread of HIV requires a holistic approach including: accurate information; up-to-date policies and guidelines; quality training, supervision, and services; and effective communication and marketing. Links to information on such topics can be found under the horizontal navigation tabs at the top of this page: Essential Knowledge, Policy, Training, Program Management, Communication & Advocacy, and Country Experiences.

Resources from nearly 30 publishers are included in this toolkit. If you have an experience to share related to reducing MCP or can suggest a new resource, we invite you to tell us about it through the feedback form. To find out if a resource has already been included in this toolkit, type the title in the search box. For more detailed information about this and other K4Health eToolkits, go to the About page.

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Toolkit last updated: April 23, 2014

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