The Modern Condom: A quality product for effective contraception

 The report comprehensively summarizes the use of the condom as a contraceptive and prophylactic.  The nature and history of condoms is discussed and the modern manufacture of latex condoms is described in detail including pricing and material costs.  Industry quality control testing procedures are given and national standards for sampling and test procedures for strength and aging are outlined in detail.  Condom standards by country, testing methods, and sampling standards in the U.S. are given in tables.  Packaging inspection and standards are described and national standards for condom dimensions are tabularized and discussed.  The effectiveness of standards is examined and a provisional condom standard agreed to by the International Planned Parenthood Federation Working Group on Condomes, London, 1972, is set out.  Skin and plastic condoms are discussed and the direct relation of condom use to decreased venereal disease rates is noted.  The effectiveness of condoms as a contraceptive is examined and reasons for its failure in this function are discussed.  The results of studies measuring pregnancy rates per 100 years of exposure with condoms are presented in a table.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Center for Communication Programs,Population Information Program