IUDs- Update on Safety, Effectiveness, and Research

 Competitive After nearly two decades of use, the IUD remains "a generally safe, effective and useful form of birth control". With fewer than six pregnancies per 100 woman-years of use and fewer than ten deaths per one million woman-years of use, according to a comprehensive new review by the United States Food and Drug Administration, the IUD has an important place in modern family planning programs. The number of women using IUDs is growing slowly but steadily. Most extensive use is In the People's Republic of China, where visitors have been told that half or more of all those using contraception have accepted IUDs. In Korea and Taiwan, where successful programs have been underway since the mid-1960s, the IUD is also the principal method. In about a dozen other developing countries more than 5 percent of all married women of reproductive age use IUDs. In Europe IUD use ranges from less than 5 percent in Italy to as high as 20 percent in Scandinavian countries. In the USA about 6 percent of married women of reproductive age have IUDs. Worldwide, approximately 50 to 60 million devices may be in use, 40 million or more in China and 15 million in the rest of the world.  

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Center for Communication Programs,Population Information Program