Contraceptive prevalence surveys: a new source of family planning data
CPSs (contraceptive prevalence surveys) are regional or national probability sample surveys designed to evaluate family planning programs by collecting information on contraceptive knowledge and use, choice of methods, and use in relation to desire for additional children. 16 developing countries have already conducted CPSs and at least 3 more are planning to do so. This is a detailed summary of information obtained from those surveys with the information presented in graphic and tabular form. Some crossnational comparisons are made and certain trends are noted. The surveys have shown high levels of contraceptive usage in South Korea, Thailand, Sao Paulo State of Brazil, Costa Rica, Jamaica, and Panama. OCs (oral contraceptives) seem to be preferred by young women while sterilization is the method of choice for older women. In most of the countries surveyed, contraceptive practice was greater among urban, better educated, and employed women and among those nearer to the distribution center. 80-90% of those surveyed were found not to want another child--either at all or not at present. In the countries where 1/2 of these at-risk women were not practicing contraception, opportunity (availability) was a major factor. The surveys did, in general, indicate a declining fertility level in most of these countries. A sample survey questionnaire from Thailand is included. There is a brief discussion of the survey methodology.