Condom -- An old method meets a new social need

 This report covers in detail the history, usage, and marketing of the condom as a means of contraception.  Worldwide estimates of usage range from 19 to 25 million couples using them as their only birth control method or in combination with other methods.  Japan leads the world in usage; condoms are used there by nearly 70% of couples who employ contraceptive means.  To expand distribution of condoms, new trends in marketing and promotion are being tried worldwide.  The condom, also called a rubber, sheath, or prophylatic, has many advantages including: low cost, reliability, compactness, easy disposability, requirement of no supervision or medical examination or follow-up, no side effects, protection  against venereal diseases, and visible postcoital evidence of effectiveness.  There are 2 kinds of condoms, latex and skin made from the caecum of sheep.  Included are reports on condom usage, marketing, and distribution in India, Kenya, Thailand, Jamaica, Antigua, Japan, Sweden, Germany, Austria, The United Kingdom, and the United States.  Also included is an extensive bibliography.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Center for Communication Programs,Population Information Program