Human Resources in Health (HRH) Toolkit

The shortage of human resources in health in Africa remains severe and continues to be a major impediment to increasing coverage of HIV-related services, namely highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. This eToolkit focuses on issues concerning Human Resources in Health (HRH).

It is estimated that Africa bears twenty-four percent of the world's disease burden, but only has three percent of the world’s health workers -  the shortage of health workers on the African continent is estimated to be 800,000. Among the fifty-seven countries that the World Health Organization characterized as HRH crisis countries, thirty-five are in Africa. In Southern Africa, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland are HRH crisis countries.

This eToolkit is meant to serve as a resource for those dealing with aspects of the HRH crisis, including individuals and organizations who wish to familiarize themselves with the various components of HRH.

To network and communicate with others interested in HRH in Southern Africa, please visit and join the HRH group on SHARE.

This eToolkit was developed by Dr John Fieno (USAID/Southern Africa) and reviewed by a group of HRH experts. Read more...


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Toolkit last updated: March 13, 2014