Integration of Cost-Effective Early Detection Programs into the Health Services of Developing Countries

The early detection of cancer is based on the concept that treatment is more effective when it is detected at an early clinicopathologic stage, prior to the development of symptoms. However, it involves substantial costs both to health services and individuals, and may result in undesired effects in a proportion of participants. Policy decisions concerning the implementation of early detection procedures for cancer in the health services of developing countries therefore should take into account an array of factors including the public health importance of disease, characteristics of screening tests, evidence for efficacy and cost-effectiveness from randomized intervention trials and other health care settings, costs involved in organization and management, manpower requirements, and the level of development of health services in a given setting.

Length: 
7
Year: 
2000
Organization: 
American Cancer Society
Languages: 
English
Author(s): 
Sankaranarayanan, R.