Disaster Preparedness

 Disaster preparedness is a huge area in the field of global public health.  Recognizing the vulnerability of certain populations to devastating outcomes caused by natural and man-made disasters is imperative when dealing with disaster preparedness integration.  Often, disasters adversely affect the livelihoods of poor people by damaging their means of earning by either destroying their place of work, loss of land due to erosion in flooding, or other areas such as the loss of animals on their farm, which is their means of income.  Mainstream disaster responses frequently do not focus on rehabilitation of peoples' means of livelihood, after the disaster occurs. Families, who lose their means of livelihood from a disaster, find their recovery from adverse effects become more unlikely and their vulnerability to future disasters is increased.  Diversity in the sources of livelihoods is crucial for increasing people's capacity to cope and recover from a disaster.  Making an investment on strengthening and diversifying the sources of livelihoods of the people of disaster prone areas can be an effective strategy for disaster risk reduction and integrating this preparedness with other community-based approaches can be quite beneficial.  [i]