Maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) and FP programs and services are often perceived as distinct, yet integration of these interventions can be mutually beneficial for mothers and their children. For example, exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months after birth not only protects the infant from becoming malnourished but also meets the mother’s contraceptive needs if she practices LAM.
Recent research demonstrates that short birth-to- pregnancy intervals increase the risk of neonatal, child, and maternal mortality; stunting in children (the most prevalent form of under-nutrition); and poor pregnancy outcomes, such as small for gestational age, preterm delivery, and delivery of a low-birth weight baby.
Key FP-Nutrition Integration Resources:
- Maternal Infant Young Child Nutrition - Family Planning (MIYCN-FP) Integration Toolkit (K4Health, 2012)
- Maximizing synergies between maternal, infant, and young child nutrition and family planning (MIYCN-FP Working Group, 2012). A 4-page summary of key global evidence.