Key Family Planning Impact Indicators and Their Definitions

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR): Measures the proportion of women of reproductive age (WRA) who are using (or whose partner is using) a modern method of FP at a particular point in time. Calculation depends on a population-based household survey: number of women age 15–49 who are using a modern method of FP/total number of WRA.

Couple-Years of Protection (CYP): Estimates the amount of protection distributed over 12 months based on the total number of contraceptives distributed. It uses a formula based on an assumed number of each kind of contraceptive method that would protect one couple for one year. Data are collected from FP distribution points.

Number of Acceptors New to Modern Contraception: Identifies the number of people who accept for the first time in their lives any contraceptive method during a12-month period. It is collected from the health information system and/or consultation registers. In spite of not offering a true denominator, tracking this indicator over time offers a way to track whether change is occurring in the adoption of FP.

Unmet Need for Family Planning: WRA (15–49) currently married or in union who are fecund (not pregnant or unsure if they are pregnant and not sterilized) who desire to have no more children or postpone childbearing, and who are not currently using a method of FP. Calculation depends on a population-based household survey.

Knowledge of Benefits of Adequate Birth Spacing: Number/percent of target population who can state at least one health benefit of waiting at least two years after last live birth before attempting the next pregnancy.

Key FP Indicator Resources:

  • Family Planning and Reproductive Health Indicators Database (MEASURE Evaluation). Provides a comprehensive listing of the most widely used indicators for evaluating FP and reproductive health programs in developing countries. The database contains definitions, data requirements, data sources, purposes, and issues for core indicators along with links to other websites and documents containing additional family planning and reproductive health indicators.
  • Postpartum Family Planning Indicators (ACCESS-FP, 2010). A set of indicators developed to measure PPFP programs.

Resources