Thailand

In Thailand (Winichagoon, 2002), the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women was reduced from 25% to 15% over a ten-year period through the integration of iron supplementation, deworming, and community based follow-up. Village health volunteers were a critical component of the program, in terms of identifying and encouraging women to attend ANC services and operating drug funds in the community, which served as an outlet and supply for iron tablets. The program notably addressed factors that were barriers to compliance and provided evidence-based counseling to ensure women knew why, when, and how to take iron supplements, given by both service providers and community/village health volunteers. Iron tablet supplies were in place due to funds set aside for tablets, income generated at each health service unit to purchase them, and support from district hospitals to fill any gap in supplies.

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