Kenya

Kenya’s Anemia Prevention and Control Experience:

Data from Kenya’s 1999 National Micronutrient Survey indicate that 55% of pregnant women are anemic and 2010 data from the Malaria Indicator Survey indicate that 27% of Kenyan children 6 months to 14 years are anemic, with 5% of children 6-59 months severely anemic and 41% moderately anemic. More will be known about the current prevalence of anemia when new data from Kenya’s 2011 National Micronutrient Survey is made available. In recent years, Madame Terrie Wefwafwa, the Head of the Division of Nutrition (DON) within Kenya’s Ministry of Health, has played an instrumental role in moving Kenya’s anemia prevention and control agenda forward and improving program implementation in order to address the country’s high anemia rates.

In an effort to capture and share the challenges Kenya has faced, achievements made and resources developed, members of the MCHIP nutrition team interviewed Madame Wefwafwa in August 2013. The result is six, five-minute videos that encapsulate Kenya’s recent efforts and plans to prevent and treat anemia among women and children. You can find links to all six videos below. Also, at the bottom of this page you will find Kenya's anemia-related resources including policies, plans and strategies along with behavior change communication (BCC) materials targeted directly to pregnant women as well as health workers. 

Video 1: The State of Anemia in Kenya

This video discusses the anemia prevalence in pregnant women and young children in Kenya. It also covers outcomes from the MCHIP-supported, multi-stakeholders’ meetings and the creation of a five-year action plan to reduce iron-deficiency anemia among pregnant women.

 

Video 2: Kenya’s Iron-Folic Acid (IFA) Supplementation Program for Pregnant Women

Learn about Kenya’s IFA program for pregnant women – challenges they face with ensuring adequate supplies and generating demand as well as their plan moving forward. “We hope to move from our current 2.5% (coverage of women receiving 90+ tablets) of IFA supplements to our target by the end of this plan period to have reached about 80% coverage.”

 

Video 3: An Integrated Approach to Anemia Prevention and Control

In this video, Madame Wefwafwa addresses the question, “is Kenya utilizing other programs and approaches, besides iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation, to help address anemia?”

 

Video 4: Generating Demand for IFA Supplementation during Pregnancy among Health Workers

Watch this video to see Madame Wefwafwa describe Kenya’s national policy guideline on the use of IFA supplementation for pregnant women that are meant for display in all health facilities along with motivational posters for health workers about being a champion and helping to ensure all pregnant women are counseled about IFA.

 

Video 5: Behavior Change Communication (BCC) Tools Targeting Pregnant Women

Madame Wefwafwa shows Kenya’s new BCC package of tools for IFA supplementation by geographic region and includes motivational posters, flip charts, and brochures for facility-based and community health workers as well as pregnant women themselves.

 

Video 6: The Way Forward: Speaking to Stakeholders and Donors

Here, Madame Wefwafwa speaks directly to donors and other stakeholders about the need for support to scale-up IFA supplementation and “disseminate the message as well as the spirit to the county levels."

 

Resources