Integrated Anemia Prevention and Control Toolkit


Anemia is one of the most prevalent public health problems in the world, affecting 42% of pregnant women (56 million) and 47% of children younger than five years of age (293 million). There are three major causes of anemia: inadequate dietary intake of micronutrients, particularly iron, and malaria and helminth infections in some areas of the world. Currently, interventions to address these causes are not operating at-scale in most countries due to lack of interest, funding, and effective management. Implementing these interventions at-scale in developing countries could have the following impact:



This toolkit recommends an integrated package of services to control the three major causes of anemia and provides background information related to these causes and guidance about implementing programs to address them. The toolkit also discusses maternal and child health programs that contribute to anemia. Under each TAB there may supporting documents as SUB-TABS that are particularly relevant to the text of the TAB.  At the end of each TAB, there are supporting documents related to the TAB. Supporting documents including all the tools and resources also are listed alphabetically in the Tools and Resources TAB.


If you are interested in reviewing WHAT anemia is and its causes, HOW prevalent it is, WHO it affects, and WHY it is a high priority to address, start with the Anemia: Prevalence, Causes & Consequences TAB.


To learn WHAT components are included in an integrated anemia prevention and control package go to Components of the Integrated Package TAB.


To learn about HOW to implement the integrated anemia prevention and control approach take a look at the Program Guidance TAB. You will also want to visit the Tools and Resources TAB.


Lastly, check out the Country and Field Experience TAB to learn more about what countries are doing already. Please do not hesitate to contact us to add new resources or ask any questions you might have. We also welcome your comments regarding the content of this toolkit and any suggestions for improvement.


The Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP) is the USAID Bureau for Global Health’s flagship maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) program introducing and supporting high-impact health interventions with a focus on 24 high-priority countries. MCSP supports programming in maternal, newborn and child health, immunization, family planning and reproductive health, nutrition, health systems strengthening, water/sanitation/hygiene, malaria, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and pediatric HIV care and treatment. Support for this toolkit was made also provided under MCSP’s predecessor, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP). For more information about MCSP, visit

Toolkit last updated: May 29, 2019