Findings from the first round of the Performance Monitoring and Accountability (PMA 2020) Ethiopia survey, an innovative mobile-phone-based survey, show impressive progress for Ethiopia’s national family planning programs. Since the most recent Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) in 2011, the modern contraceptive rate among married women has increased markedly from 27 to 33%; representing a 6% increase in just three years.
Gains in contraceptive use is highest in rural areas and among the poorest segments of the population. PMA2014/Ethiopia also found marked increases in the use of more effective long-term methods such as implants, with an increase from 12% to 16% of the method mix.
Moreover, the survey’s findings reveal that the average number of children per woman in Ethiopia has steadily declined from 5.5 in 2000 to 4.4 in 2013. Furthermore, the unmet need for family planning has sharply declined from 25% in 2011 to 19%, today with 9% of women wanting to delay their next birth and 10% wanting no more children. The unmet need is highest for women in the poorest wealth quintile.