Integrating Family Planning and Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health Services
Review the Evidence
Systematic Reviews & Annotated Bibliographies
Desk Review of Programs Integrating Family Planning with Food Security and Nutrition (FANTA, 2015; PDF, 6.41MB) This report synthesizes learnings from 102 health and multisectoral programs, including a rich set of program examples and three case studies, to illustrate the various ways programs are integrating family planning with nutrition and food security interventions. Lessons learned, promising practices for programming, and recommendations for USAID are also provided in the report.
Impacts of Family Planning on Nutrition (Health Policy Project, 2015; PDF, 1.04MB) This review shows that when women exercise their freedom and right to access voluntary family planning to meet their fertility intentions, there is a natural decline in the prevalence of high-risk and unintended pregnancies; by averting such pregnancies, improvements in key maternal, infant, and child nutrition outcomes can be achieved.
Bibliography: Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition and Family Planning (MIYCN-FP) Integration (MCHIP, 2014; PDF, 284KB) This review, for both researchers and program managers, provides a brief, illustrative sample of documents describing the basic elements of MIYCN-FP integration.
Integration of Immunization & Family Planning Services: An Annotated Bibliography (MCHIP, FHI 360, 2014; PDF, 400KB) This bibliography summarizes relevant journal articles and program reports published through 2014. The literature review began with a search on Medline using the following keywords: family planning services, immunization services, integration, child health, birth spacing, EPI, integrated services.
Systematic Review of Integration of Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health and Nutrition and Family Planning (USAID, 2011) This systematic review uses standard Cochrane methods to examine the evidence for MNCHN-FP integration, reviews the most up-to-date factors that promote and inhibit program effectiveness, discusses best practices and lessons learned, and identifies recommendations for program planners, policy makers, and researchers. Executive Summary (PDF, 408KB) | Final Report (PDF, 575KB) | Appendices (PDF, 886KB)
40 years of evidence; one comprehensive database
POPLINE is the world’s largest free database of family planning and reproductive health literature. An international resource, POPLINE helps program managers, policy makers, and service providers in low- and middle-income countries and in development-supportive agencies and organizations gain access to scientific articles, reports, books, and unpublished documents. POPLINE contains a wealth of resources on topics related to the integration of maternal, newborn, and child health services with family planning services. Browse the latest evidence on key integration opportunities:
- Lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) for family planning
- Family planning and immunization integration
- Maternal, infant, and young child nutrition and family planning integration
Open access, peer-reviewed journal
The Global Health: Science and Practice Journal also contains a wealth of peer-reviewed research on topics relevant to the integration of maternal, newborn, and child health services with family planning services. Read some of the latest research on integrating family planning into postpartum maternal and neonatal health services:
- “Integrating family planning into postpartum care through modern quality improvement: experience from Afghanistan”
- “It's about time: WHO and partners release programming strategies for postpartum family planning”
- “Operations research to add postpartum family planning to maternal and neonatal health to improve birth spacing in Sylhet District, Bangladesh”
- “Lessons learned from scaling up a community-based health program in the Upper East Region of northern Ghana”
An additional article, “Successful Proof of Concept of Family Planning and Immunization Integration in Liberia,” demonstrates the feasibility of integrating family planning with immunization services.
Evidence summaries: the HIPs briefs
The High Impact Practices in Family Planning (HIPs) team at USAID has developed briefs that synthesize the evidence and provide recommendations on how to implement selected HIPs.
The eight-page brief Family Planning and Immunization Integration: Reaching Postpartum Women with Family Planning Services (2013; PDF, 1MB) focuses on deliberate efforts to integrate the two services. This brief also explores integrating the two services through routine immunization contacts rather than during immunization campaigns, which are not recommended as platforms for integrated services.