A child stands in front of a sign reading, "Pneumonia #1 is the one killer!" at the International Society of Tropical Pediatrics Congress in the Philippines. © 2008 Ferdinand G. Fuellos, Courtesy of Photoshare.
Every day, we see children in our offices with cough, fast breathing, and fever. If we take an x-ray, there may be clear signs of pneumonia. We treat that pneumonia with amoxicillin and at a follow-up visit a week later, the child will invariably be happy, smiling, and healthy. Unfortunately, across the world, 900,000 children die each year from this treatable disease, and more than half do not even seek treatment for it.